CBD (Cannabidiol) is a chemical compound that comes from the hemp plant. There are at least 113 unique compounds found in hemp known as cannabinoids, of which, CBD is the second most abundant. Cannabinoids can be either consumed (phytocannabinoids) or produced naturally by the body (endocannabinoid). They are chemical compounds that interact with the body’s central regulatory system. This system is known to manage homeostasis and affect bodily processes such as appetite, mood, memory, sleep, immune system functions.
CBD, CBN and THC fit like a lock and key into existing human receptor. These receptors are part of the endocannbinoid system which impact physiological processes affecting pain modulation, memory and appetite plus anti-inflammatory effects and other immune system responses. The endocannabinoid system comprises of two types of receptor, CB1 and CB2, which serves distinct functions in human health and well-being.
CB1 receptors are primarily found in the brain and central nervous system, and to a lesser extent in other tissues.
CB2 receptors are mostly in the peripheral organs especially cells associated with the immune system.
CBD does not directly “fit” CB1 or CB2 receptors but has powerful indirect effects still being studied.
CBD is an example of a phytocannabinoid. Although our bodies can naturally produce their own endocannabinoids that bind to cannabinoid receptors in both the central nervous system and the peripheral nervous system, phytocannabinoids are known to help to boost the function of our central regulatory system.
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